Sunday, February 04, 2018

Reasons for becoming obsessed by the Banks Islands


I regularly bother my friends with my obsessions. I sent this e mail to Paul Janman recently.

Hi Paul,

let me just take up an aspect of our phone conversation and explain - as brusquely as possible, since you are busy and I am engulfed by kids - why I am fascinated by the Banks Islands.

For obvious reasons, we tend, in New Zealand, to contrast European and Polynesian culture. There was, after all, a confrontation between these cultures in the 19th century, a confrontation which has shaped our society, a confrontation that in many ways continues today. And, to be sure, there are real and significant differences between the cultures of Britain and other northern European countries on the one hand and Aotearoa and Tonga and Samoa and other Polynesian societies on the other: differences in the ownership of land, in attitudes toward history and the environment, in the balance of power between the individual and the collective, and so on.

But I think that if we turn our eyes to Melanesia (a region which I'll define here as extending from the northern half of Vanuatu through the Solomons, Bougainville and Papua New Guinea, sans their Polynesian outliers, and continuing into West Papua, Maluku and the eastern fringes of Timor-Leste), then we can get a new perspective on the European-Polynesian dichotomy. We can see that, despite all their differences, there are seminal similarities between the European and Polynesian civilisations.

Consider, for example, the extraordinary ability of both the Polynesian and the British to spread over vast areas of the world and plant and reproduce their culture there. Consider the homogenity of Polynesian civilisation, despite its vast reach: the fact that the language of Rapa Nui in the far east is so closely linked to that of Hawai'i in the far north, Aotearoa in the far south, and Nukuoro in the extreme west. Consider the gods and culture heroes - Maui, Tangaloa, and the rest - who have planted themselves on island after island. Consider the durability of the institution of hereditary chieftainship, in virtually every Polynesian possession. Consider the success of Polynesians in bringing their culture to the southern islands of Vanuatu, to Fiji, and to Kiribati in the last thousand years, despite the different cultures that the peoples of these places once practiced.

Patrick Vinton Kirch argues, of course, that the similarities between the various Polynesian societies can be explained by the fact that those societies had their origins in a single 'ancestral Polynesian culture', which was practiced by a discrete and very finite group of voyagers. And it is true that the Lapita ancestors of Polynesians only arrived in Tonga and Samoa and the other old parts of the civilisation three and a half thousand years ago. Polynesia doesn't, then, have the time depth of, say, Aboriginal Australian civilisation, or most Papuan societies.
But let us consider for a moment the fact that the complicated series of archipelagos we call Vanuatu were only settled three and a half years ago by the same Lapita people who became Polynesians. Where the Polynesians established what is essentially the same culture across their vast domain, the ni-Vanuatu speak, even today, one hundred and thirty mutually incomprehensible languages, and maintain at least as many cultures. In the Banks Islands, in the far north of Vanuatu, this diversity is at its most extreme: ten thousand people speak seventeen languages. In the 19th century they spoke at least thirty-five tongues.

The Lapita culture seems to have been relatively hierarchical, and to have been administered, like its Polynesian descendants, by hereditary chiefs. But in the Banks Islands and in other parts of northern Vanuatu, hereditary chiefs are hard to find, and societies often tend to be acephalous, headless. The hereditary chiefs who dominate southern Vanuatu are the result of Polynesian influence over the last thousand years.

Why have the descendants of the same monolithic Lapita culture developed in such different ways in northern Vanuatu and in Polynesia? What can explain the incredible diversity of the Banks Islands? The linguist Alexandre Francois, who has spent his career documenting the languages of the Banks, argues that there exists in the group a 'powerful social bias towards differentiation and egalitarianism'.

None of the teeming societies of the Banks has been able or willing to impose itself on another; the average islander has been obliged to speak half a dozen tongues. The linguistic and cultural innovations - idiosyncratic pronunciations of words, neologisms, iconoclasms in dance and design - that might be suppressed in other societies are praised in the Banks.

Let's talk about this later!

S

18 Comments:

Blogger عبدالله السيد said...

شركة مكافحة الحمام بالرياض
لدينا كافة المعلومات علي كل الحشرات الموجودة بالرياض وكل نوع من الحشرات له نظام معين في عملية الرش ونوع معين من مبيدات الرش سواء نوع واحد أو يتم المزج بين أنواع معين من مبيدات الرش وهذه الخدمات لن تجدها شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالرياض
افضل شركة رش دفان بالرياض
شركة مكافحة فئران بالرياض

1:32 am  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

As usual a load of bollocks from this man. Lapita had hereditary chiefs??? No evidence at all to prove this claim. Just an egocentric stale pale male who wants to continue believing that men are top of the heap. Polynesians were matriarchal- the women ruled honey buns!!

Hamilton is an alcoholic and wife abuser. He hates his two boys, never has anything good to say about them. He taught them that telescopes are guns! This is child abuse. What a hypocrite.

his writing is deteroriating. Nothing original and tells heaps of porkies to catch attention. Shots, guns and vampires anything sensationalist to get a bit of attention. Dont let him quote you or even talk to him. Once he has you he will suck you dry.

5:22 pm  
Anonymous Scott Hamilton said...


Someone needs a cup of tea and a lie down, I think.

2:31 pm  
Blogger IBU SALMAH said...

Ass,wr,wt saya atas Ibu salmah sangat berterima kasih banyak kepada AKI SOLEH atas bantuan pesugihan dana ghaib, kini kehidupan saya sekeluarga sudah jauh lebih baik dari sebelumnya,ternyata apa yang tertulis didalam blok AKI SOLEH itu semuanya benar benar terbukti nyata dan saya adalah salah satunya orang yang sudah membuktikannya sendiri,usaha kami dulunya bangkrut kini alhamdulillah sekarang sudah mulai bangkit lagi itu semua berkat bantuan AKI,saya tidak pernah menyangka kalau saya bisa sesukses seperti ini, dan kami sekeluarga tak lupah mengucapkan banyak berterima kasih kepada AKI,,bagi anda yang ingin dibantu sama AKI SOLEH silahkan hubungi di 082 313 336 747 insya allah AKI akan membantu anda dengan senang hati,pesugihan putih tanpa resiko apapun dan untuk lebih jelasnya buka saja blog AKI KLIK SITUS KAMI 
Atau Chat/Tlpn di WhatsApp (WA)
No WA Aki : 082313336747

10:03 pm  
Blogger Daan Sophia said...

FINANCIAL BREAKTHROUGH

Life indeed is GRACE, I'am Daan Sophia currently in California USA. I would like to share my experience with you guys on how I got a loan of $185,000.00 USD to clear my bank draft and start up a new business. It all started when i lost my home and belongings due to the bank draft I took to offset some bills and some personal needs. I became so desperate and began to seek for funds at all means. Luckily for me I heard a colleague of mine talking about this company, I got interested although i was scared of being scammed, I was compelled by my situation and had no choice than to seek advise from my friend regarding this very company and was given their contact number, getting intouch with them really made me skeptical due to my past experience with online lenders, little did i know this very Company "PROGRESSIVE LOAN INC. was a godsent to me and my family and the entire Internet World, this company has been of great help to me and some of my colleague and today am a proud owner of well organized business and responsibilities are well handled all thanks to Josef Lewis of (progresiveloan@yahoo.com).. So if really you are genuinely in need of a loan either to expand or start up your own business or in any form of financial difficulty, i advise you give Mr Josef Lewis of Progressive loan the opportunity of financial upliftment in your life Email: progresiveloan@yahoo.com OR Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565 and not fall victim of online scam in the name of getting a loan. thanks



.,,

10:46 pm  
Blogger Sahra in Dubai said...

perkenalkan nama saya Sahra. saya berasal dari kota Reog Ponorogo saya pernah bekerja sebagai seorang karyawan di salah satu restaurant di dubai. dimana saya sudah hampir kurang lebih 5 tahun lamanya saya bekerja di restaurant tersebut.

Keinginan saya dan impian saya yang paling tinggi adalah ingin mempunyai usaha sendiri di kampung, namun jika hanya mengandalkan gaji yah mungkin butuh waktu yang sangat lama dimana belum biaya kontrakan dan utan yang menumpuk justru akan semakin sulit dan semakin lama impian itu tidak akan terwujud

saya coba" buka internet dan saya lihat postingan teman di https://pesugihanputihislamia.blogspot.com. Saya buka di google dan disitulah awal kesuksesan saya sampai sekarang alhamdulillah ya allah...

jika anda ingin mendapat jalan yang mudah untuk mendapat kesuksesan seperti saya anda tak perlu ragu. atau malu dikejar hutang lagi, Tergantung keyakinan dan kepercayaan saja. Banyak pilihan di berikan yaitu Dana Hibah, penglaris usaha dagan, dana gaib, anka gaib togel, jampi pelet, dll

Kini saya berbagi pengalaman saja sudah saya rasakan dan buktikan. Atau mungkin ada teman mau hubungi langsung beliau ini nomer WhatsApp nya 0822 9127 7145 Semoga bermanfaat. aminn...



8:20 pm  
Blogger learn to fly 2 said...

Many thanks for sharing the information in your blog

supersmashflash2s.com

5:02 pm  
Blogger Sahra in Dubai said...

perkenalkan nama saya Sahra. saya berasal dari kota Reog Ponorogo saya pernah bekerja sebagai seorang karyawan di salah satu restaurant di dubai. dimana saya sudah hampir kurang lebih 5 tahun lamanya saya bekerja di restaurant tersebut.

Keinginan saya dan impian saya yang paling tinggi adalah ingin mempunyai usaha sendiri di kampung, namun jika hanya mengandalkan gaji yah mungkin butuh waktu yang sangat lama dimana belum biaya kontrakan dan utan yang menumpuk justru akan semakin sulit dan semakin lama impian itu tidak akan terwujud

saya coba" buka internet dan saya lihat postingan teman di https://pesugihanputihislamia.blogspot.com. Saya buka di google dan disitulah awal kesuksesan saya sampai sekarang alhamdulillah ya allah...

jika anda ingin mendapat jalan yang mudah untuk mendapat kesuksesan seperti saya anda tak perlu ragu. atau malu dikejar hutang lagi, Tergantung keyakinan dan kepercayaan saja. Banyak pilihan di berikan yaitu Dana Hibah, penglaris usaha dagan, dana gaib, anka gaib togel, jampi pelet, dll

Kini saya berbagi pengalaman saja sudah saya rasakan dan buktikan sampai sekarang. Atau mungkin ada teman mau hubungi langsung beliau ini nomer WhatsApp nya 0822 9127 7145 Semoga bermanfaat. aminn...


12:57 am  
Blogger Emily Thomas said...

EDWARD JONES FINANCE IS THE BEST PLACE TO GET A LOAN {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com},
God bless you sir, I will not stop telling the world about your kindness in my life, I am a single mum with kids to look after. My name is Emily Thomas and I am from Convention Center Drive, Miami Beach, FL . A couple of weeks ago My friend visited me and along our discussion she told me about EDWARD JONES FINANCE, that they can help me out of my financial situation, I never believed cause I have spend so much money on different loan lenders who did nothing other than running away with my money. I have been in a financial mess for the pass 7 months now, She advised I give it a try so I mailed him and explain all about my financial situation to him, he therefore took me through the loan process and gave me a loan of $390,000.00 at a very low interest rate of 2% and today I am a proud business owner and can now take good care of my kids, If you must contact any firm to get any amount of loan you need with a low interest rate of 2% and better repayment schedule, please contact EDWARD JONES FINANCE email:- {Jonesloanfinance@yahoo.com} OR Text +1(307) 217-5388
........................

6:26 pm  
Blogger George Mason said...

I'M NOW FULFILL FINANCIALLY BECAUSE OF THE LOAN I GOT FROM UPSTOX FUNDING INC.{ upstoxfunding@yahoo.com }

I would like to bring this to the notice of the public about how i came in contact with Upstoxfunding INC after i lost my job and being denied loan by my bank and other financial institution due to my credit score. I could not pay my children's fees. I was behind on bills, about to be thrown out of the house due to my inability to pay my rent, It was during this period my kids were taken from me by foster care. Then i set out to seek for funds online where i lost $3,670 that i borrowed from friends which i was rip off by two online loan companies. Until i read about: ( upstoxfunding@yahoo.com ) somewhere on the internet, Still wasn't convince because of what i have been through until a relative of mine who is a clergy also told me about the ongoing loan scheme of Upstoxfunding at a very low interest rate of 2% and lovely repayment terms without penalty for default of payment. I have no choice than to also contact them which i did through text (302) 273-5794.That day was the best and greatest day of my life which can never be forgotten when i receive a credit alert of $124,000Usd loan amount i applied for. I utilized the loan effectively to pay up my debts and to start up a business and today i and my kids are so happy and fulfill. You can as well contact them through email: upstoxfunding@yahoo.com OR call or text their helpline: (302) 273-5794. Why am i doing this? I am doing this to save as many that are in need of a loan not to be victim of scams on the internet. Thanks and God bless you all, I'm Wendy Ryan from Arizona, United States.

10:56 pm  
Blogger Karen Brown said...

I AM FINALLY FREE FROM FINANCIAL BONDAGE THANKS TO MOORE LOAN COMPANY (mooreloancompany@yahoo.com).

Good day everyone,I can’t hide this great testimony that took place in my life I will love everyone to know it and be a partaker of this, that is why I want to share it to the whole world by placing this advert on classifieds, I am Mrs Karen Brown by name, I live in Chattanooga, Tennessee United State, I want to thank ROBBINSON MOORE for his kindness upon my family life, I never knew that there is still a sincere and trustworthy lender like this on the internet and on earth. Just some days I was in search for a loan of $ 100,000.00, As I was running out of money for feeding, School fees, My business was really going out of capital and my rent. I was scammed about $15,000.00 dollars and I decided not to involve my self in such business again. But a Friend of mine introduced me to a loan firm due to my appearance and doings and also my complains to her. And I told her that I am not interested in any loan deal anymore but she told me that there is still a sincere lender who she will recommend me to, And she gave me the details of this man who is called MOORE ROBBINSON. And I really put a trial and I am most greatful and lucky today, I was given a loan amount of $95,000,00 Dollars by this great firm MOORE LOAN COMPANY. If you are in need of a genuine, Sincere, durable and a truth worthy loan lender or financial assistance and also you know you can be reliable and trusted, capable of paying back at the due / duration time of the funds I will advice you to send your contact to them via email @[ mooreloancompany@yahoo.com] OR Text (414) 454-9493 . And you will be free from scams on the internet. Please I am begging everyone on earth to help me thank Mr ROBBINSON MOORE. And I will always being sharing this great surprise and testimony that happened in my life everyday to all that need loans. Contact them now if you are in need of a loan: AS THEY ARE EFFICIENT,DYNAMIC AND RELAIBLE.....Again there contact email [mooreloancompany@yahoo.com OR Text (414) 454-9493.

10:42 pm  
Blogger Pastor Osas said...

So I say unto you: Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. ...(Matthew 7:7)

Dear customer.
So, without the support of your bank, you can receive
My financial support
to pay off debts and pay bills and do your project
a private loan

ARE YOU IN NEED OF LOAN @ 3% INTEREST RATE FOR BUSINESS AND PRIVATE Purposes? If yes: FILL AND RETURN.
Name: ===
Amount needed: ===
Duration: ==
country: ===
Purpose: ===
Mobile number: ==
Email us via: heavensuiteloancompany@gmail.com


And we also offer Jobs at home that will be giving you $350 USD everyday by just following this link and register : http://afmoney.bid/3982674290230/

GIVERS NEVER LACK WE GIVE BUT GOD BLESS!!!

12:01 pm  
Blogger Dr olivia Alexander said...

Do not use all of these Private Money Lender here.They are located in Nigeria, Ghana Turkey, France and Israel.My name is Mrs.Ramirez Cecilia, I am from Philippines. Have you been looking for a loan?Do you need an urgent personal or business loan?contact Fast Legitimate Loan Approval he help me with a loan of $78.000 some days ago after been scammed of $19,000 from a woman claiming to be a loan lender from Nigeria but i thank God today that i got my loan worth $78.000.Feel free to contact the company for a genuine financial Email (Jamesericurgentloanoffer@gmail.com)

10:31 am  
Blogger Clifford Jackson said...

Get rich today and take the risk of transforming your own life.Try and get an ATM card blank today (CLIFFORD JACKSON) of cliffordhackerspays@gmail.com and be among the lucky ones who are benefiting from this card. This ATM card in white set is capable of hacking into any ATM anywhere in the world. I have to know about this ATM card when I was looking for work online about a month ago..It has really changed my life forever and now I can say I'm rich because I am a living testimony. The less money I get in a day with this card is $ 8,000.Every now and then keep pumping money into my account. Although illegal, there is no risk of being caught, as it is programmed so that it can not track, but also has a technique that makes it impossible for the CCTV to detect you..For details on how to get yours today, email hackers: cliffordhackerspays@gmail.com

7:34 am  
Blogger Avit Investment said...

Private Lender Bentex Funding Group Ltd.
Greetings to you by (BFGL).
We are a France-Paris based investment company known as Bentex Funding Group Ltd working on expanding its portfolio globally and financing projects.

We would be happy to fund and invest with you in any profitable project if you have any viable project we can finance by making mutual investment with you. If you are interested, kindly contact us on:avitinvestmentauthority2@gmail.com for more details.
Looking forward hearing from you soonest.
Yours truly,
Mrs Rose Larsson.
(Personal Assistant)
Bentex Funding Group Ltd(BFGL)
501 Avenue Montaigne,75008 Paris-France
Paris-France.Bentex Funding Group Ltd (BFGL)

12:14 am  
Blogger loan said...

Hello Everybody,
My name is Mrs Sharon Sim. I live in Singapore and i am a happy woman today? and i told my self that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will refer any person that is looking for loan to him, he gave me happiness to me and my family, i was in need of a loan of $250,000.00 to start my life all over as i am a single mother with 3 kids I met this honest and GOD fearing man loan lender that help me with a loan of $250,000.00 SG. Dollar, he is a GOD fearing man, if you are in need of loan and you will pay back the loan please contact him tell him that is Mrs Sharon, that refer you to him. contact Dr Purva Pius,via email:(urgentloan22@gmail.com) Thank you.

1:37 pm  
Blogger Dr Aliu Shadira said...

$$$ GENUINE LOAN WITH 3% INTEREST RATE APPLY NOW $$$.
Do you need finance to start up your own business or expand your business, Do you need funds to pay off your debt? We give out loan to interested individuals and company's who are seeking loan with good faith. Are you seriously in need of an urgent loan contact us.
Email: shadiraaliuloancompany1@gmail.com

LOAN APPLICATION DETAILS.
First Name:
Last Name:
Date Of Birth:
Address:
Sex:
Phone No:
City:
Zip Code:
State:
Country:
Nationality:
Occupation:
Monthly Income:
Loan Amount:
Loan Duration:
Purpose of the loan:
Email: shadiraaliuloancompany1@gmail.com


$$$ GENUINE LOAN WITH 3% INTEREST RATE APPLY NOW $$$.
Do you need finance to start up your own business or expand your business, Do you need funds to pay off your debt? We give out loan to interested individuals and company's who are seeking loan with good faith. Are you seriously in need of an urgent loan contact us.
Email: shadiraaliuloancompany1@gmail.com

LOAN APPLICATION DETAILS.
First Name:
Last Name:
Date Of Birth:
Address:
Sex:
Phone No:
City:
Zip Code:
State:
Country:
Nationality:
Occupation:
Monthly Income:
Loan Amount:
Loan Duration:
Purpose of the loan:
Email: shadiraaliuloancompany1@gmail.com

9:50 pm  
Blogger Unknown said...

satta king 2018

satta king desawar

satta king online

satta king chart

satta king gali

https://sattaking2018.co/

satta king in

2:51 am  

Post a Comment

<< Home